Jérôme Bonaparte was the youngest brother of Napoleon,
who made him King of Westphalia (1807-1813). After 1848, when his
nephew Louis Napoleon became President of the French Republic, he
served in several official roles there.
was born Roland Buonaparte in Ajaccio, Corsica as the eighth and
last surviving child, fifth surviving son, of Carlo Buonaparte
and Letizia Ramolino. He was a younger brother of Joseph Bonaparte,
Napoleon Bonaparte, Lucien Bonaparte, Elisa Bonaparte, Louis Bonaparte,
Pauline Bonaparte and Caroline Bonaparte.
served with the French navy before going to the United States.
On December 24, 1803, Jérôme married Elizabeth Patterson
(1785-1879), daughter of Baltimore merchant William Patterson
and his wife Dorcas Spear. Napoleon annulled their marriage but
a son, Jérôme Napoleon Bonaparte was born in Camberwell
Grove, Camberwell, London, England.
King of Westphalia, the short-lived realm created by Napoleon
from the states of northwestern Germany (1807-1813), with its
capital in Cassel, Jérôme married the second time
to Catharina of Württemberg, with whom he had another son,
Napoléon Joseph Charles Paul Bonaparte (1822-1891), also
known as "Prince Napoleon" or "Plon-Plon".
Their second child, a daughter, the Princess Mathilde Bonaparte,
was prominent during and after the Second French Empire as a hostess.
After his own kingdom was dissolved, he was granted the title
of Prince of Montfort by the King of Württemberg.
Emperor Napoleon's exile, Jérôme moved to Italy where
he married Giustina Pecori-Suárez, the widow of an Italian
his nephew, Prince Louis Napoleon, became President of the French
Republic in 1848, Jérôme was made governor of Les
Invalides, Paris, the burial place of his famous elder brother
Napoleon I of France. He later became marshal of France and president
of the Senate in his nephew's regime, and was confirmed in the
title of prince français.
Bonaparte died on June 24, 1860 at Villegenis, France (today Massy
in Essonne). He is buried in Les Invalides, Paris.